Former Ukrainian prime minister and opposition leader, Amnesty to detained protesters, in exchange for surrendering all occupied buildings and streets ("The Hostage Laws"), Defected police, SBU, and Berkut officers, Civil servants and pro-government civilian protestors, Civic Patrols (Government sanctioned vigilantes).   No classes were held in the universities of western Ukrainian cities such as Lviv, Ivano-Frankivsk and Uzhhorod.  A Euromaidan activist in Kharkiv was attacked by two men and stabbed twelve times. In a short period of time up to 80 dead were counted. " The colours of the flag symbolise Ukrainian red blood spilled on Ukrainian black earth.  From 27 February 2014 till 12 November 2014 three members of Svoboda did hold positions in Ukraine's government. It is really disturbing that now the new coalition [Paet reaffirms] refuses to investigate what is really going on. The latter resulted in the buses being burned as a barricade. The charges will have a little real effect on Yanukovych, 69, who has lived in exile in the Russian city of Rostov since fleeing Ukraine under armed guard five years ago. Somebody got shot! , According to a 4 to 9 December 2013 study by Research & Branding Group 49% of all Ukrainians supported Euromaidan and 45% had the opposite opinion. , On 30 March 2012 the European Union (EU) and Ukraine initiated an Association Agreement; however, the EU leaders later stated that the agreement would not be ratified unless Ukraine addressed concerns over a "stark deterioration of democracy and the rule of law", including the imprisonment of Yulia Tymoshenko and Yuriy Lutsenko in 2011 and 2012. , On 18 and 19 February, at least 26 people were killed in clashes with police, moreover, a self-defense soldier from Maidan was found dead. ", The protests continued despite heavy police presence, regularly sub-freezing temperatures, and snow. After a series of violent events towards protesters in Kyiv leaving 100 of them dead President Yanukovych signed the Agreement on settlement of political crisis in Ukraine. , Ukrainian-Polish band Taraka came up with a song dedicated to "Euromaidan" "Podaj Rękę Ukrainie" (Give a Hand to Ukraine). The next day, a clean-up began in Kyiv. ", Media outlets in the region dubbed the movement, Eurorevolution (Ukrainian: Єврореволюція). One of them fired one shot while the other closed the window. Protesters also used tear gas and some fire crackers (according to the police, protesters were the first to use them). ", CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (, DJ Rudy Paulenko created this track after being inspired by events on Independence Square, Annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation, Ukraine–European Union Association Agreement, Party of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs, Russian military intervention (2014–present), violent dispersal of protesters on 30 November, fierce fighting in Kyiv on 18–20 February, Agreement on settlement of political crisis in Ukraine, trade war against Ukraine to prevent Ukraine from signing a trade agreement, Customs Union of Belarus, Kazakhstan, and Russia, Kyiv International Institute of Sociology, 2014 Euromaidan regional state administration occupations, International reactions to the Euromaidan § Solidarity demonstrations and protests, High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, deal on restoring gas supplies of 18 January 2009, compromise deal of the same day between President Yanukovych and the opposition, Winter on Fire: Ukraine's Fight for Freedom, International reactions to the Euromaidan, 2014 Ukrainian Regional State Administration occupations, Paul Manafort's lobbying for Viktor Yanukovych and involvement in Ukraine, Russian military intervention in Ukraine (2014–present), "EuroMaidan rallies in Ukraine – Nov. 21–23 coverage", "4 Things To Know About What's Happening in Ukraine", "One minister's dark warning and the ray of hope", "Ukrainian opposition uses polls to bolster cause", "Where did the downfall of Ukraine's President Viktor Yanukovych begin? We did not have much choice.  Transparency International named President Yanukovych as the top example of corruption in the world. The rally in Lviv in support of the integration of Ukraine into the EU was initiated by the students of local universities.  Serhy Yekelchyk of the University of Victoria says the use of UPA imagery and slogans was more of a potent symbol of protest against the current government and Russia rather than adulation for the insurgents themselves, explaining "The reason for the sudden prominence of [UPA symbolism] in Kyiv is that it is the strongest possible expression of protest against the pro-Russian orientation of the current government. , An Ilko Kucheriv Democratic Initiatives Foundation survey of protesters conducted 7 and 8 December 2013 found that 92% of those who came to Kyiv from across Ukraine came on their own initiative, 6.3% was organised by a public movement, and 1.8% were organised by a party. He then claimed the cartridges and weapons used in the shootings were not police issue. On 9 December, a statue of Vladimir Lenin was destroyed in the town of Kotovsk in Odessa Oblast. They won't be sacrificing anything.".  The same day IMF Resident Representative in Ukraine Jerome Vacher stated that this particular IMF loan is worth US$4 billion and that it would be linked with "policy, which would remove disproportions and stimulate growth". Many protesters ignored the face concealment ban by wearing party masks, hard hats and gas masks. On 5 December, Batkivshchyna faction leader Arseniy Yatsenyuk stated, Our three demands to the Verkhovna Rada and the president remained unchanged: the resignation of the government; the release of all political prisoners, first and foremost; [the release of former Ukrainian Prime Minister] Yulia Tymoshenko; and [the release of] nine individuals [who were illegally convicted after being present at a rally on Bankova Street on December 1]; the suspension of all criminal cases; and the arrest of all Berkut officers who were involved in the illegal beating up of children on Maidan Nezalezhnosti. "Titushky" are provocators during protests. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. Political expert Anders Åslund commented on this aspect: Revolutionary times have their own logic that is very different from the logic of ordinary politics, as writers from Alexis de Tocqueville to Crane Brinton have taught.  A German TV investigation met one of the few doctors that treated the wounded of both sides.  Earlier that day, they stormed into Yanukovych's mansion. Such is the conclusion of forensic experts. On February 18, in a video made that day, a rifle locked in a car was recorded with video taken by a demonstrator, showing an automatic rifle. Which location were the shots fired [from]? , In Vinnytsia on 22 January thousands protesters blocked the main street of the city and the traffic. The important thing was to sow chaos. This dismissed main evidence presented by prosecutor, a photograph of a man holding his rifle with both hands. A man standing right next to me just got shot! Ukraine’s Maidan Snipers were U.S Assets from Georgia, An OrWELLSian Purge?  Protesters claimed at least 4,000 attended, with other sources saying 2,000. Speaking with a clearly embarrassed Ashton, the foreign minister cites the testimony of the Ukrainian doctor: “She speaks as a doctor, and says it is the same signature, the same kind of bullets. The MVS has not ruled out that Berkut officers committed the killings. , As of February 2019, the Ukrainian government has broken ground on a new Maidan memorial that will run the length of Institutska Street, now also known as Avenue Of The Heavenly Hundred. Ukraine media see Kremlin pressure over EU, Q&A: Stand-off in Ukraine over EU agreement, Analysis: Russia's carrot-and-stick battle for Ukraine, Russia to lift restrictions on Ukrainian pipe imports – Ukrainian ministry, Russia tightens customs rules to force Ukraine into union, Decline in industrial production in Ukraine in October 2013 slows to 4.9 percent, Cox-Kwasniewski mission to continue until Eastern Partnership Summit, Ukraine to resume preparing agreement with EU when compensation for production drop found – Boiko, Azarov: Ukraine would face crisis if it signed Association Agreement with EU, "Ukraine Blames I.M.F. , On 31 March 2014, the Daily Beast published photos and videos which appear to show that the snipers were members of the Ukrainian Security Services (SBU) "anti-terrorist" Alfa Team unit, who had been trained in Russia. According to a 4 to 9 December 2013 study by Research & Branding Group 46% of Ukrainians supported the integration of the country into EU, and 36% into the Customs Union of Belarus, Kazakhstan, and Russia. , Along with Mr. Parubiy's force, there are some "independent" divisions of enforcers (some of them are also referred to as sotnias and even self-defence), like the security of the Trade Unions Building until 2 January 2014, Narnia and Vikings from Kyiv City State Administration, Volodymr Parasyuk's sotnia from Conservatory building, etc. Reports of some protesters attending under duress from superiors. In the room with me there were two Lithuanians, the weapons were unpacked by them.”. Euromaidan (/ ˌ jʊər ə ˌ m aɪ ˈ d ɑː n, ˌ jʊər oʊ-/; Ukrainian: Євромайдан, Yevromaidan or Yevromaydan, literally 'Euro , Moody's Investors Service reported on 4 December 2013 "As a consequence of the severity of the protests, demand for foreign currency is likely to rise" and noted that this was another blow to Ukraine's already poor solvency. On 10 October 2014 Reuters published a report about their examination of Ukraine's probes into the Maidan shootings. Get short URL. However, no evidence to ver- ify these claims has been made public by the Russian government.3 “They explained to us to shoot to create chaos and confusion. Maidan Massacre is an investigative documentary into the shootings which occurred on February 20th, 2014, when nearly 50 people were gunned down on the streets of Kiev’s Independence square. , In 2015 BBC published a story based on an interview with an anonymous sniper who said he was firing at anti-riot police from Conservatory (music academy) building on the morning of 20 January 2014. The worst moment will be in the morning of February 20th.  Protests also took place in other large Ukrainian cities: Kharkiv, Donetsk, Dnipropetrovsk, Luhansk, Lviv, and Uzhhorod. This paper shows that the Maidan massacre of the protestors and the police on February 20, 2014 involved the far right and oligarchic parties, and it was a key element of the violent overthrow of the corrupt and oligarchic but democratically elected government in Ukraine.  As a condition for the loans, the EU required major changes to the regulations and laws in Ukraine. Most likely, it was a smoothbore firearm. " On 5 January, marches in support of Euromaidan were held in Donetsk, Dnipropetrovsk, Odessa, and Kharkiv; the latter three drawing several hundred and Donetsk only 100. The massacre was the result of a massive three month long protest against the former Government of Viktor Yanukovich and his decision to reject a trade deal with the EU. “While Nergadze and Zalogy assisted in arms distribution at the hotel, Alexander Revazishvilli and other volunteers went to the Conservatory, another building overlooking the square. On 22 January, more violence erupted in Kyiv. On the evening, the fall of the monument to Lenin in Kyiv took place. The revolution wasn't a revolution of the streets or a revolution of (political) elections; it was a revolution of the minds of people, in the sense that for the first time in a long time, Ukrainians and people living in territorial Ukraine saw the opportunity to protest and change their situation. Journalist Vyacheslav Veremiy was murdered by pro-government Titushky and shot in the chest when they attacked his taxi. , In the eastern regions of Donetsk, Luhansk and Kharkiv, 29% of the population believe "In certain circumstances, an authoritarian regime may be preferable to a democratic one.  The EU was willing to offer 610 million euros (838 million US) in loans, however Russia was willing to offer 15 billion US in loans. The documentary shows the protests from the start until the resignation of Viktor Yanukovych. Dolinsky also pointed out that Ukrainian Jews overwhelmly supported and often participated in the Euromaidan protests. The massacre was the result of a massive three month long protest against the former Government of Viktor Yanukovich and his decision to reject a trade deal with the EU. ”, On the 20th, in the morning, the plan came into action. ", "Was Yanukovych's Ouster Constitutional? He introduced him and told us he was an instructor, an American soldier.” The US military veteran Brian Christopher Boyenger, is a former officer and sniper for the 101st Airborne Division. , A 24 November protest in Ivano-Frankivsk saw several thousand protestors gather at the regional administration building. [nb 9], President Yanukovych attended the 28–29 November 2013 EU summit in Vilnius (where originally it was planned that the Association Agreement would be signed on 29 November 2013), but the Association Agreement was not signed. , On 30 November 2013, the protests were dispersed violently by the Berkut riot police units, sparking riots the following day in Kyiv. “I asked him.” He replied that where he did not care, we had to shoot somewhere … to sow some chaos.“.  The protests led to the 2014 Ukrainian revolution. Maidan Massacre is an investigative documentary into the shootings which occurred on February 20th, 2014, when nearly 50 people were gunned down on the streets of Kiev's Independence square. Ukrainian protesters smash a statue of Vladimir Lenin in Kyiv's Maidan (Independence Square) in 2013. The intercepted phone call, published widely by the Russian media, is disconcerting. , A telephone call was leaked of US diplomat Victoria Nuland speaking to the US Ambassador to Ukraine, Geoffrey Pyatt about the future of the country, in which she said that Klitschko should not be in the future government, and expressed her preference for Arseniy Yatsenyuk, who became interim Prime Minister. , A compilation of short films about the 2013 revolution named "Babylon'13", was created. Automaidan was a movement within the Euromaidan, that sought the resignation of the Ukrainian president Viktor Yanukovych. According to journalist Lecia Bushak writing in the 18 February 2014 issue of Newsweek magazine, EuroMaidan [had] grown into something far bigger than just an angry response to the fallen-through EU deal. We have no documents to the investigation, state prosecutors won't show us any papers. They pulled them out and handed them over to the various groups. And where? , A study of public opinion in regular and social media found that 74% of Russian speakers in Ukraine supported the Euromaidan movement, and a quarter opposed. “The most disturbing thing [Paet explains] is that all of the evidence points to the people killed by snipers, both police and people in the street, were killed by the same snipers.”. My television channel—Channel 5—played a tremendously important role. Ukrainian Industrial Policy Minister Mykhailo Korolenko stated on 18 December 2013 that because of this Ukraine's exports had dropped by $1.4 billion (or a 10% year-on-year decrease through the first 10 months of the year). , The groups are divided up into sotnias, or 'hundreds', which have been described as a "force that is providing the tip of the spear in the violent showdown with government security forces". On 27 February armed men seized the Crimean parliament and raised the Russian flag. Parliament, dominated by his supporters, was stalling on taking up a constitutional reform to limit presidential powers. On 21 February, at the public announcement leaders of parliamentary opposition of conditions of the signed Agreement, representatives of "Right Sector" declared that they don't accept the gradualness of political reforms stipulated in the document, and demanded immediate resignation of the president Yanukovych—otherwise they intended to go for storm of Presidential Administration and Verkhovna Rada. She also casually stated "fuck the EU. Ukraina channel on Tuesday, as reported in Tass on December 13th. As a result of these events, the Agreement on settlement of political crisis in Ukraine was signed on 21 February 2014 by the President of Ukraine Viktor Yanukovych and the leaders of the parliamentary opposition (Vitaly Klitschko, Arseny Yatsenyuk, Oleh Tyahnybok) under the mediation of the European Union and the Russian Federation. This version seemed suspicious to many. (New Eastern Outlook) – “ Gunfire aimed at protesters on Kiev’s Independence Square, also known as the Maidan, was delivered in winter 2014 by the mercenaries who had arrived in Kiev for the purpose of organizing disorders,” lawyer Alexander Goroshinsky told 112.Ukraina channel on Tuesday, as reported in Tass on December 13th. Polls have shown that two-thirds of Kyivans support the ongoing protests. 23 January Odessa city council member and Euromaidan activist Oleksandr Ostapenko's car was bombed. Новости дня на сайте Подробности", "срыв евроинтеграции: Вопрос о вступлении Украины в ЕС – бессмысленный, – Азаров – Азаров, Евросоюз, Срыв ассоциации с ЕС, срыв евроинтеграции (27.12.13 21:31) " Политика Украи", "Ukrainian Protests Compared to 2004 Orange Revolution", "Ukraine protests hampered by fragmenting of political opposition", "BBC News – European Square: Hashtag of Ukraine protest", "Twitter / Vitaliy_Klychko: Друзі!  The reason given was that the previous months Ukraine had experienced "a drop in industrial production and our relations with CIS countries".  50 police officers and men in plain clothes also drove out a Euromaidan protest in Chernihiv the same day. All of the detained are officers of the Kyiv City Berkut unit, and verified the involvement of the SBU's Alfa Group in the shootings. What began as peaceful protests in favor of the trade deal turned bloody when snipers began firing and killing dozens of protesters and police officers. Then they gave us each a thousand dollars to begin, promising to give another five thousand more“, Once in Kiev, our three participants begin to understand better why they were recruited. They were Georgians sent to Ukraine by security services people aligned with American allied-educated Mikhail Saakashvili. , In 2014 Belarusian-Ukrainian filmmaker Sergei Loznitsa released the documentary Maidan.  A November 2013 poll by the same institute found the same result with 70.8% aged 18 to 29 wanting to join the European Union while 39.7% was the national average of support.  The State Statistics Service of Ukraine reported in November 2013 that in comparison with the same months of 2012, industrial production in Ukraine in October 2013 had fallen by 4.9 percent, in September 2013 by 5.6 percent, and in August 2013 by 5.4 percent (and that the industrial production in Ukraine in 2012 total had fallen by 1.8 percent). We did not have to stop. “About 15 and 16 February,” Nergadze remembers, “the situation has begun to become more serious every day. The Molotovs, the shields and the sticks were used to the maximum.”, But in mid-February, clashes around Maidan begin to get worse. He asked me where we were supposed to shoot. This was a profound change in the character of the population of the former Soviet Union.. , On 18 December, the day after an economical agreement with Russia was signed, Prime Minister Mykola Azarov stated, "Nothing is threatening stability of the financial-economic situation in Ukraine now.  Journalists revealed that a mass burial was planned on 4 February 2014. Expanded translation of the Italian (the video subtitles are abridged) below the video. ", "Ukraine drops EU plans and looks to Russia", Students in Ukraine threaten indefinite national strike, "Ukraine Offers Europe Economic Growth and More", Protests continue in Kiev ahead of Vilnius EU summit, "Ukraine's capital Kiev gripped by huge pro-EU demonstration", "Ukraine opposition urges more protests, forms political bloc", Ukraine pro-Europe protesters hold first big rally of 2014, "No Looting or Anarchy in this Euromaidan Revolution", "Kiev's Minstrel of the Street Revolution", "Ukraine's parliament just threw President Yanukovych under the bus. The movie won the Grolsch People's Choice Documentary Award at the 2015 Toronto International Film Festival. “From their cases I understood … they carried weapons …. [nb 8] The government also assured "Ukraine will resume preparing the agreement when the drop in industrial production and our relations with CIS countries are compensated by the European market. , In 2015 Netflix released the Winter on Fire: Ukraine's Fight for Freedom about the Euromaidan protests. The former president asked the court to ensure his personal participation in the trial via videoconference.  Medics confirmed bullet wounds to be from firearms such as a Dragunov sniper rifle (7.62mm) and possibly a Makarov handgun (9mm) in the deaths of Nihoyan and Zhyznevskyi. “ Gunfire aimed at protesters on Kiev’s Independence Square, also known as the Maidan, was delivered in winter 2014 by the mercenaries who had arrived in Kiev for the purpose of organizing disorders,” lawyer Alexander Goroshinsky told 112. , In an interview, opposition leader Yuriy Lutsenko, when asked if the current opposition was weaker than it was in 2004, argued that the opposition was stronger because the stakes were higher, "I asked each [of the opposition leaders]: 'Do you realise that this is not a protest? Our story begins towards the end of summer 2017, in Skopye, the capital of Macedonia. , On the night of 22 February activists of Euromaidan seized the government quarter left by law enforcement authorities and made a number of new demands—in particular, immediate resignation of the president Yanukovych. , On 19 February 2014, alpine skier Bohdana Matsotska refused to further participate in the 2014 Winter Olympics in protest against the violent clashes in Kyiv. Hanna Hrabarska, Revolution through eyes of photograph. After the massacre of demonstrators, he will become famous for an ultimatum in which he will threaten to use weapons to hunt President Viktor Yanukovych. We were ordered to shoot at the police and protestors randomly. The Foreign Minister of Estonia, Ermas Paet, was the first one to dispute this. "People at Antimaidan stand for money only.  During the press conference, Ukraine's interior minister, chief prosecutor and top security chief implicated more than 30 Russian FSB agents in the crackdown on protesters, who in addition to taking part in the planning, flew large quantities of explosives into an airport near Kyiv. Zalogy is a former Saakashvili party activist. The percentage of people who do not support the protesters was 81% in East Ukraine, 60% in South Ukraine[nb 11], in Central Ukraine 27% and in Western Ukraine 11%. Escalating violence from government forces in the early morning of 30 November caused the level of protests to rise, with 400,000–800,000 protesters, according to Russia's opposition politician Boris Nemtsov, demonstrating in Kyiv on the weekends of 1 December and 8 December. , In an interview with Lally Weymouth, Ukrainian billionaire businessman and opposition leader Petro Poroshenko said: "From the beginning, I was one of the organizers of the Maidan. The move came after the District Administrative Court hours earlier issued a ban restricting citizens' right to peaceful assembly until New Year. You will know what is Yanukovych. Afterwards, the parliament removed Yanukovych from office, replaced the government with Oleksandr Turchynov, and ordered that former Prime Minister Yulia Tymoshenko be released from prison. The intercepted phone call, published widely by the Russian media, is disconcerting. ", On 12 March 2014, Interior Minister Avakov has stated that the conflict was provoked by a 'non-Ukrainian' third party, and that an investigation was ongoing. , In early 2019, a Ukrainian court found Yanukovych guilty of treason.  Some artists expressed their solidarity with Maidan. Due to the regime's hegemony in the city, foreign commentators have suggested that, "For 500 marchers to assemble in Donetsk is the equivalent of 50,000 in Lviv or 500,000 in Kyiv. Mr. Parubiy officially asked such divisions to not call themselves Self-defence. “Inside, recalls Nergadze, “there was chaos, you did not understand who was who. " The chant has extended beyond Ukrainians and has been used by Crimean Tatars and Russians. A few seconds after, Pashinsky approaches and orders the car be allowed to go. Police used tear gas and batons. , On 21 February 2014, Standard & Poor's cut Ukraine's credit rating to CCC; adding that the country risked default without "significantly favourable changes".  During the protests, the word "Maidan" acquired meaning of the public practice of politics and protest. READ MORE: Reuters investigation exposes ‘serious flaws’ in Maidan massacre probe , The term "Euromaidan" was initially used as a hashtag of Twitter. There is a very strong conviction that they’re are behind the snipers … That it is not Yanukovych, but some of the new coalition…”. Then suddenly, after 15, 20 minutes the shooting ceased and everyone has put down the weapons.  Events in Kyiv were soon followed by the Crimean crisis and pro-Russian unrest in Eastern Ukraine.  Since 21 November 2013, a total of 136 journalists have been injured. The next day, weapons were distributed to groups of Georgian and Lithuanian mercenaries residing in Hotel Ukraine, the hotel overlooking the square used as a headquarters by opposition.  And he blamed the deal on restoring gas supplies of 18 January 2009 for this. , On 14 December, Euromaidan supporters in Kharkiv voiced their disapproval of authorities fencing off Freedom Square from the public by covering the metal fence in placards. Not a single economic factor. , On 19 February, the Ukrainian athletes competing in the 2014 Winter Olympics asked for and were refused permission by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) to wear black arm bands to honour those killed in the violent clashes in Kyiv. 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